Yes, definitely! Some of the closest galaxies to us are called the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, and Andromeda. Our galaxy is called the Milky Way because of its milky/cloudy/fuzzy appearance in the sky. We’re on the edge in one of the spiral arms, and so what we’re seeing is the rest of the galaxy – all of those billions of stars, all that gas and dust. If you go somewhere very, very dark you can even trace out darker patches – these are what we call dust lanes.
I think even the name galaxy comes from the word ‘milky’, maybe that’s how they named galaxy bars, because they’re ‘milk’ chocolate?!